Disabled can claim tax saving deductions up to Rs 1.25 lakh under sections 80DD, 80U With Automated Income Tax Revised Form 16 Part A&B and Part B with Form 12 BA for F.Y.2019-20


Income Tax Act
allows deductions from your gross total income, before the levy of tax, if
medical expenditure has been incurred on the treatment of a differently abled
person. Sections 80DD and 80U of the Income Tax Act deals with the medical expenditure incurred
for this purpose.

the working of these two deductions is same, according to income tax rules,
these cannot be claimed simultaneously. Section 80DD and Section 80U of the
Income Tax Act allows deduction for the medical expenses incurred for
differently abled persons. The amount of deduction is same for both the
sections. However, Section 80DD can be claimed by the person who has incurred
expenses for the dependent differently-abled person. On the other hand, 80U can
be claimed by the individual if he/she, himself/herself, is differently abled.
If the individual is claiming deduction under section 80U, then no other person
can claim deduction under section 80DD for the aforesaid person.

is everything you need to know about claiming deductions under both sections
80DD and 80U.

Who can claim the deduction?

As mentioned above, deduction under section 80DD can be claimed by a resident
individual who has incurred expenditure on the training, rehabilitation,
medical treatment of a differently-baled or disabled dependent person.

The income tax law defines a dependent person as spouse, children, parents,
brother and sisters of the individual who are fully dependent on the individual
for the support and maintenance.

The deduction can also be claimed if a payment or deposit has been made by the
individual under any scheme of Life Insurance Corporation (LIC), or any other
insurer or any other specified scheme or deposit for the maintenance of the
dependent. The scheme should provide the annuity or lump-sum benefit in the
event of death of the individual for the maintenance of the dependent person
suffering from disability

Conditions for claiming

The deduction under either section 80DD or 80U can be claimed only if the individual
himself or dependent is suffering from disability, autism, cerebral palsy or
multiple disabilities.

The percentage of disability should not
be less than
40 percent in order to be eligible
to claim deduction under these sections. In case you are claiming the deduction
allowed for severe disability, then the disability level should be minimum 80

To avoid the rejection of the claim for
deduction by the income tax department, one must also satisfy the definition of
disability, autism, cerebral palsy or multiple disabilities as per the act
governing the same.

Disability is defined as per the Persons
with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full
Participation) Act, 1955. As per Persons with Disabilities (Equal
Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995,
disability is defined as someone who is suffering with blindness, low vision,
leprosy-cured, hearing impairment, loco motor disability, mental retardation,
mental illness, autism, cerebral palsy and multiple disabilities. Person with

Similarly, autism, cerebral palsy and
multiple disabilities take their meaning from the National Trust for welfare of
Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple
Disabilities Act, 1999. Multiple disabilities can be defined as the person
suffering from a combination of two or more disabilities as defined in Person
with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full
Participation) Act, 1995.

Amount of deduction depends on
disability, not expenses & age

The amount of deduction that can be claimed depends on the percentage of
disability. If the individual or dependent has 40 per cent or more disability
but less than 80 per cent, then the deduction of Rs75,000 can be claimed in a financial year.
In case of severe disability, i.e., if
the percentage of disability exceeds 80 per cent, then the deduction of Rs 1.25
lakh is allowed.

The amount of deduction depends on the
percentage of disability. The deduction claimed is fixed irrespective of the
actual expenses. Therefore, even if the actual expenses are less than Rs 75,000
or Rs 1.25 lakh as applicable, you can still claim the mentioned amount.

Documents required
To claim this deduction, either under Section 80DD or Section 80U, one is
required to provide a certificate of disability. As per the income tax laws to
claim deduction, one is required to obtain a certificate in the prescribed
manner as mentioned in Form 10-IA. The certificate must be obtained from the
prescribed medical authority.

The medical authority who is required to
issue the disability certificate shall be a neurologist having a degree of
Doctor of Medicine in Neurology (in case of children, a pediatric Neurologist
having an equivalent degree) or a civil surgeon or chief medical officer in a
Government hospital.


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